Signs and Symptoms of Crack Abuse

Signs and Symptoms of Crack Abuse

What Happens When Crack Enters the Body?

Crack energizes the entire central nervous system and has a disastrous consequence on the heart, brain, and lungs. When the drug enters the body, it affects the ventral tegmental area (VTA) where it interrupts the normal functioning of dopamine, a chemical messenger accountable for the pleasure response of our body. It is released by the neurons during some pleasurable activities like sex or eating. Dopamine travels to the synapse and unites with the neighboring nerve cells and sends the signal to the nerve cells that produce a good feeling. Usually, the dopamine is reabsorbed by the neuron after the signal has been set. What crack does is that it breaks the loop and the dopamine is not reabsorbed. As a result, dopamine accumulates in the synapse which causes the user to witness the lingering bit of happiness and euphoria.

Crack availability is not very difficult and shockingly even 8th graders have access to this potent drug. It is very important to recognize the warning signs in order to help the addicts come out of crack cocaine addiction or prevent youngsters to become a potential prey of this drug.

Physical Symptoms of Crack Abuse

The warning symptoms of crack abuse have both physical and mental manifestations. The physical symptoms comprise of:

  • Loss of weight due to increased appetite
  • Haggard look due to no sleep and poor diet
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Nosebleeds and runny nose
  • Muscle twitches
  • Cracked or blistered lips
  • Burnt fingers from holding hot pipes
  • Involuntary jitters
  • A chronic sore throat and aberrant hoarse voice due to snorting
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Unhygienic lifestyle accompanied by bad or unkempt hair, teeth, nails, and skin
  • Alienation and isolation.

The Behavioral Symptoms of Crack Abuse

  • Unstable mood swings and violent outbursts
  • Overconfidence and hyperactivity
  • Receding interest from daily normal activities
  • Uncharacteristic restlessness and talkativeness
  • Constant cravings for the drug and inability to stop
  • Obtaining crack at the expense of finances, family, job and other relationships
  • Frequent cases of law breaking and arrests due to accidents or violence
  • Lowered concentration
  • Losing jobs or dropping out of school.

A person under the influence of crack will never admit to the fact that the drug is causing problems and will indulge into it more to as an attempt to suppress their problems. A person addicted to drugs will always undermine the seriousness of their deteriorating condition.